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Topografske Karte Srbije 25000: The Best Maps for Serbia



Topografske Karte Srbije 25000: What They Are and Why You Need Them




If you are interested in exploring the geography, history, culture, and natural resources of Serbia, you might want to use topografske karte srbije 25000. These are detailed topographic maps that cover the entire territory of Serbia at a scale of 1:25000. In this article, you will learn what these maps are, how they are made, what they show, and how you can access and use them for various purposes.




topografske karte srbije 25000



Introduction




What are topografske karte srbije 25000?




Topografske karte srbije 25000 are topographic maps that depict the physical features of the land surface of Serbia at a scale of 1:25000. This means that one centimeter on the map corresponds to 250 meters on the ground. These maps show the natural and artificial features of the terrain, such as relief, hydrography, vegetation, settlements, roads, railways, boundaries, etc. They also include geographic names, coordinates, elevation contours, symbols, legends, and other information.


How are they made and what do they show?




Topografske karte srbije 25000 are based on aerial photographs, field surveys, satellite images, and other sources of geospatial data. They are produced by the Vojnogeografski institut General Stevan Bošković, which is the military geographic institute of Serbia. The institute is responsible for creating and updating various types of maps for military and civilian use. The maps are made using cartographic projection, which is a method of representing the curved surface of the earth on a flat plane. The projection used for these maps is Gaus-Krigerova, which is a conformal projection that preserves angles and shapes.


Topografske karte srbije 25000 show a variety of features that can help you understand the landscape and environment of Serbia. Some of these features are:


  • Relief: The shape and elevation of the land surface, shown by contour lines (lines that connect points of equal elevation), spot heights (points that indicate the elevation of specific locations), hill shading (shading that simulates the effect of sunlight on the terrain), and relief symbols (symbols that indicate cliffs, depressions, ridges, etc.).



  • Hydrography: The water features of the land surface, such as rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, springs, wells, swamps, marshes, etc., shown by blue lines or areas.



  • Vegetation: The plant cover of the land surface, such as forests, orchards, vineyards, meadows, pastures, crops, etc., shown by green areas or symbols.



  • Settlements: The human-made features of the land surface, such as cities, towns, villages, hamlets, etc., shown by red or black symbols or areas.



  • Roads: The transportation features of the land surface, such as highways, roads, trails, bridges, tunnels, etc., shown by red or black lines or symbols.



  • Railways: The transportation features of the land surface, such as railways, stations, tracks, crossings, etc., shown by black lines or symbols.



  • Boundaries: The political or administrative features of the land surface, such as state, province, district, municipality, etc., shown by red or black lines or symbols.



  • Other features: The miscellaneous features of the land surface, such as power lines, pipelines, mines, quarries, monuments, churches, mosques, etc., shown by various colors or symbols.



What are the benefits of using them?




Topografske karte srbije 25000 have many benefits for different users and purposes. Some of these benefits are:


  • They provide accurate and reliable information about the geography and environment of Serbia.



  • They help you plan and navigate your trips and activities in Serbia.



  • They help you learn about the history and culture of Serbia.



  • They help you appreciate the beauty and diversity of Serbia.



  • They help you support various scientific and educational projects related to Serbia.



Types of Topografske Karte Srbije 25000




TK25/II: Second Edition




Features and specifications




The second edition of topografske karte srbije 25000 was created between 1965 and 1985. It covers the whole territory of former Yugoslavia (including Serbia) at a scale of 1:25000. It consists of 732 map sheets (467 for Serbia), each covering an area of about 140 square kilometers. The format of each map sheet is 50x70 centimeters. The map sheets are numbered according to a four-digit grid system that divides the territory into zones of 7 degrees 30 minutes by 7 degrees 30 minutes. The map sheets are also named according to the main settlement or geographic feature in their area.


Examples and applications




The second edition of topografske karte srbije 25000 is widely used by various users and for various purposes. Some examples and applications are:



  • Tourism: The maps can help you explore the natural and cultural attractions of Serbia, such as national parks, monasteries, castles, museums, etc.



  • Hiking: The maps can help you find the best trails and routes for hiking in Serbia, such as mountain peaks, canyons, waterfalls, etc.



  • Cycling: The maps can help you choose the most suitable roads and paths for cycling in Serbia, such as scenic routes, bike lanes, cycle paths, etc.



  • Hunting: The maps can help you locate the hunting grounds and zones in Serbia, such as forests, meadows, fields, etc.



  • Fishing: The maps can help you identify the fishing spots and areas in Serbia, such as rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, etc.



  • Camping: The maps can help you select the camping sites and locations in Serbia, such as campgrounds, picnic areas, rest areas, etc.




TK25/III: Third Edition




Features and specifications




The third edition of topografske karte srbije 25000 was created between 1985 and 1999. It covers only the territory of Serbia (excluding Kosovo) at a scale of 1:25000. It consists of 265 map sheets (37 were not printed), each covering an area of about 140 square kilometers. The format of each map sheet is 50x70 centimeters. The map sheets are numbered according to a four-digit grid system that divides the territory into zones of 7 degrees 30 minutes by 7 degrees 30 minutes. The map sheets are also named according to the main settlement or geographic feature in their area


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